Rubinstein was born in Łódź. His family was Jewish. He studied at the Szkoła Główna Muzyki (main school of music), the laterFryderyk Chopin music Academy (Akademia Muzyczna imPolish: . AMFC matte Chopina, Warsaw ) in and made his musical debut inBerlin in 1900, followed by appearances in Germany and Poland. In 1904, he moved to Paris, where he met the composers Dukasand Ravel, Saint-Saëns and met the violinist Jacques Thibaud .
Rubinstein made his American debut in New York in the Carnegie Hall in 1906 and traveled around the United States, Austria, Italy and Russia afterwards. The success ran into him not to them "; in 1908 he was sitting on the ground, also financially, and after he put out of his hotel room in Berlin to be threatened, he tried to hang himself. This failed, and then he came completely to repent and he kept from now on of life. In 1912, he made his debut in London.
During the first world war , Rubinstein's career became centered mainly in London, and accompanied there violinist Eugène Ysaÿe.From 1916 to 1917 he travelled through Spain and South America, and developed enthusiasm for the music of Enrique Granados,Isaac Albéniz, Heitor Villa-Lobos and Manuel de Falla. In the 1920s he went several times to the United States on concert tour together with his friends, the violinist Pawel Kochański and the pianist and composer Karol Szymanowski. In 1932 he withdrew several months back from the musical world to attend his technique and repertoire to work.
During the Second World War , Rubinstein's career became centered in the United States. In 1946 he became a naturalized American citizen. After the war, he never want to act in Germany, because a large part of his family was massacred under thenaziregime. In 1976 he finally pulled back from the music, because his health declined and his eyesight.
Although he is best known as a solo pianist, Rubinstein was also an outstanding chamber musician. In addition to Chopin's music he recorded the music of Beethoven, Brahms, Schumann , Schubertand Dvořák. Rubinstein made his first recording already in 1910 (the 10th Rhapsody by Liszt), but was dissatisfied with the technical quality of the acoustic recording, and suggested further recordings from until the arrival of the electric registration, almost 20 years later. Since that time, Rubinstein worked exclusively for RCA. In the 1960s, he played many of his earlier records again in stereo.
He had a photographic memory and also, as he himself described and as such that are embodied by his friends occasionally successful was tested. According to his autobiography, he studied in moderation, because he felt that too much studying at the expense of the living music, and he learned the César Franck 's Variations Symfoniques by reading the sheet music on the train on the way to the concert. During his tour in Netherlands in 1968, he played both his recital in the circustheater as his concert at the Kurhaus entirely of the head. At the latter concert he demonstrated yet another characteristic performance, namely more than one piano concert during one execution (in this case: Chopin's piano concerto no. 2 before the break and after the break the 5th of Beethoven). Furthermore, he had extremely large hands, with which he could span a duodeciem (octave plus fifth), as he showed during a television interview with Dick Cavett in 1974.
- 1971 – Léonie Sonning Music Prize
- 1976- Presidential Medal of Freedom ("Presidential Medal of freedom"), the highest civilian award in the u.s.
- 1977- Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE)
- Grand Officer of the Légion d'honneur
- Commander of the order of merit of the Republic of Italy
- Officer of the order of Leopold
- Honorary doctorate from the Fryderyk Chopin music Academy in Warsaw
Grammy Award for best chamber music performance:
- Pierre Fournier, Arthur Rubinstein & Henryk Szeryng for Schubert's piano trios No. 1 in B, op. 99 and no. 2 in E, op. 100 (Grammy Awards 1976)
- Pierre Fournier, Arthur Rubinstein & Henryk Szeryng for Brahms' trio's and Schumann's trio No. 1 in d minor (Grammy Awards 1975)
- Arthur Rubinstein for Beethoven's piano Sonata No. 21 in C (Waldstein) and No. 18 in e flat (Grammy Awards 1960)
Grammy Award for best instrumental solo performance:
- Beethoven: piano Sonata No. 18 in e flat / Schumann: Fantasiestücke, op. 12 (Grammy Awards 1978)
- Beethoven: piano Sonata No. 21 in C (Waldstein) and no. 18 in e flat (Grammy Awards 1960)
Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
- In 1994, Rubinstein posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award .