Charles Ephraim Burchfield (Ashtabula Harbor, april 9, 1893 - January 10, 1967) was an American painter who made watercolors of landscapes and cityscapes. A large part of his paintings, archives and journals is kept in the Burchfield Penney Art Center named after him in Buffalo, New York.
Burchfield was raised by his mother, a widow, in Salem (Ohio). He lived there until his 28th year of life of his 5th and made his earliest works. After to have considered a writing career, he focused entirely on the painting. In 1916 studied Burchfield at the Cleveland School of Art. In 1921 he and fiancee moved the couple to Buffalo (New York), where he was engaged as a designer at a company that produced wallpaper. From 1925 until the end of his life lived Burchfield, his wife Bertha Kenreich and their five children in a rural neighborhood of West Seneca. Burchfield and professional engaged in full time could from 1928 his painting.
As one of the few chose Burchfield sure to work exclusively with Watercolour . Unlike most watercolorists, he Additionally to a donkey. He painted with only very little water to his brush on paper. Burchfields artistic career is usually divided into three periods. In the early period (1915-1919) did he inspired in and around Salem (Ohio) and he was influenced by modernism, especially the Fauvism that shows itself in the large monochrome surfaces. In his middle period (1919-1943) are small-town industrial scenes and the subject of his watercolors. Did that Burchfield partly from financial reasons. His major works, with a solid color use that rather unusual for watercolor, show some similarity to the work of Edward Hopper, with whom Burchfield was a friend. The late period in Burchfields career (1943-1967) shows a return to its original subjects, while the paintings are by the painter clearly enriched experience he has gained in his middle period. The result is large, hallucinatory images of nature, mounted in vivid brush strokes and exaggerated shapes.