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Joan Miró (Barcelona20 april 1893 - Palma de Mallorca25 december 1983) was a Spanish paintersculptorgraphic artist and ceramist, coming from Catalonia. He is seen as one of the greatest surrealists.

ContentEdit

[hide]*1 Biography

Biography[Edit]Edit

Miró was the son of a goldsmith and watch dealer. Initially he attended a trade training, but began in 1912 an art training in Barcelona. In 1920 he moved to Paris where he took classes at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. In Paris closed Miró friendships with PicassoHans Arp , Max Ernstand Magritte and he came under the influence of Cubism. As well as Picasso and Georges Braque , Miró never carried through to the conclusions of the Cubism full abstraction. Its forms, how alienating too, always refer to the reality-to the concrete reality, or to the reality as it exists while dreaming. [1]

In 1925 he met André Breton, the founder and theoretician of surrealism. Miró never formally joined with the surrealist movement, or any other movement, but Breton called him "the greatest surrealist of us all". The surrealist André Masson had said a lot of influence on him and introduced him in circles of Parisian poets, writers and philosophers.

In 1926 he worked with the surrealist Max Ernst to sets and costumes for the ballet Romeo and Juliet for the Ballets Russes of Serge Diaghilev. He experimented with the technique grattage . It is the (usually dried) paint from the canvas scraped off, what a particular effect.

At the dawn of the Spanish civil war fled Miró to France, where he first in Paris, then in the coastal town of Varengeville-sur-Mer was staying. There he made the "Constellation" series. Again forced by the violence of war, returned Miró in 1940 finally back to Spain. In 1956 he settled on the island of Majorca. Miró married Pilar Juncosa on 12 October 1929. In 1931 the couple a daughter, Dolores.

In the 1970s he came to the series which he called "the hope of the person sentenced to death" mentioned. It seem his experiences with war and violence to reveal himself. In a completely empty space he pulled a line reminiscent of a noose, but whose bottom is left open. [1In 1959 said Miró in an interview: "If there is accidental something funny in my work, then that probably stems from the need to escape the tragic side of my temperament. Life comes to me absurd. " [2]

Miró was awarded the prize for graphic art of the Venice Biennale. In 1958, he was awarded the Guggenheim International Award. He was appointed Honorary Doctor ofHarvard University and of the University of Barcelona. In 1979, he was awarded the first ever Medalla d'Or de la Generalitat, the highest award of the CatalanGovernment.

Painting Style[Edit]Edit

Joan Miró is next to Picasso and Dalí considered one of the great three of the Spanish 20th-century modern art.

In Paris he developed under the influence of surrealist writers and painters, the biomorfische paintingstyle, which, however, no school has made, so that it rightfully can be called a typical style for Miró.

Museums[Edit]Edit

In Spain are now two museums dedicated to him, of which the best known is the Fundació Joan Miró . His works are in the possession of several museums of modern art such as

Paintings[Edit]Edit

  • Self portrait, oil on canvas, 1919, 75 x 60 cm, Musée Picasso in Paris
  • Prades, the village, oil on canvas, 1917, 65 x 72 cm, Guggenheim Museum New York in New York
  • Portrait of Enric Cristofol Ricart, oil paint and colour printing on linen, 1917, 81 x 65 cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York
  • Portrait of Juanita Obrador, 1918, oil on canvas, 70 x 62 cm, Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago
  • Vegetable garden with donkey, 1918, oil on canvas, 64 x 70 cm, Moderna Museet in Stockholm
  • The farm, oil on canvas, 1921-1922, 132 x 147 cm, National Gallery of Art in Washington
  • The carbide lamp, oil on linen, 1922-1923, 38.1 x 45.7 cm, Museum of Modern Art in New York
  • The farmer's wife, oil on linen, 1922-1923, 81 x 65 cm, Centre Pompidou in Paris
  • Plowed Earth, oil on linen, 1923-24, 66 x 94 cm, Guggenheim Museum New York in New York
  • Catalan landscape (de jager), oil on linen, 1923-24, 64.8 x 100.3 cm, Museum of Modern Art in New York
  • Maternity, oil on linen, 1924, 92 x 73 cm, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh
  • Landscape, oil on linen, 1924-1925, 47 x 45 cm, Museum Folkwang in Essen
  • The gentleman, oil on linen, 1924, 52 x 36 cm, Kunstmuseum Basel in Basel
  • Catalan Cup farmer, 1925, oil painting, 146 x 114 cm, set G. Bonnier, Stockholm
  • Dancer, oil on canvas, 1925, 115.5 x 88,5 cm, Collection Rosengart in Lucerne
  • Siesta, oil on canvas, 1925, 97 x 146 cm, Centre Pompidou in Paris
  • Person, a stone at a bird pitching, 1926, oil painting, 66 x 93 cm, Museum of Modern Art in New York
  • Dutch Interior (I), oil on canvas, 1928, 92 x 73 cm, Museum of Modern Art in New York
  • Dutch Interior II, oil on canvas, 1928, 92 x 73 cm, Peggy Guggenheim Museum in Venice
  • Dutch Interior III, oil on canvas, 1928, 92 x 73 cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York
  • Portrait of Mrs. Mills in 1750 (to Constable), oil on canvas, 1929, 116.7 x 89.6 cm, Museum of Modern Art in New York
  • Portrait of a lady from 1820, 1929, oil on canvas, 130 x 96 cm, Museum of Modern Art in New York
  • Construction, wood and metal, 1930, 91 x 70.2 cm, Museum of Modern Art in New York
  • Flame in space and female nude, 1932, oil on wood, 41 x 32 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Painting, oil on canvas, 1933, 130 x 162 cm, Collection Dolors Miró Juncosa on loan at Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Painting, oil on canvas, 1933, 130 x 162 cm, Narodni Gallery in Prague
  • Painting, oil on canvas, March-June 1933, 130 x 162 cm, art museum Bern in Bern
  • Martin love, oil on linen, 1934, 200 x 250 cm, Museum of Modern Art in New York
  • Snail Woman Flower Star, design for a tapestry, 1934, 195 x 172 cm, Reina Sofia in Madrid
  • Figures for nature, oil on cardboard, 1935, 75 x 106 cm, Philadelphia Museum of Art in Philadelphia
  • Portrait of a young girl, oil on cardboard, 1935, 106 x 75 cm, New Orleans Museum of Art in New Orleans
  • Figures for a metamorphosis, egg tempera on masonit, 1936, 50 x 57 cm, New Orleans Museum of Art in New Orleans
  • Still life with old shoe, oil on linen, 1937, 81 x 116 cm, Museum of Modern Art in New York
  • Female head, oil on canvas, 1938,55 x 46 cm, Minneapolis Institute of Arts in Minneapolis
  • A star caresses the bosom of a negress, oil on linen, 1938, 130 x 196 cm, Tate Gallery, London
  • Seated woman II, 1938, oil on canvas, 162 x 130 cm, Peggy Guggenheim Museum in Venice
  • Wall decorations for a child's room, oil on linen, 1938, 80 x 315 cm, Toledo Museum of Art in Toledo
  • People in the night, led by the phosphorescent traces of the snails, gouache and turpentine paint on paper, 1940, 38 x 46 cm, Philadelphia Museum of Art in Philadelphia
  • Figures and constellations, in love with a woman, gouache and turpentine paint on paper, 12.6.1941, 46 x 38 cm, Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago
  • Woman and bird for the Sun, gouache and pastel, 1942, 109 x 78 cm, Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago
  • Dancer listening to the organ playing in a Gothic Cathedral, oil on linen, 1945, 195 x 130 cm, Fukuoka Art Museum in Japan
  • Women and birds at Sunrise, oil on linen, 14.2.1946, 54 x 65 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Painting, oil on canvas, 1949, 81 x 54 cm, Emanuel Hofmann Foundation, on loan at Kunstmuseum Basel in Basel
  • Painting, oil painting, bows and casein on linen, 1950, 99 x 76 cm, Van Abbemuseum in Eindhoven
  • Dragonfly with Red Wings at the persecution of a hose, which in spirals to the Comet star slips, 1951, oil on canvas, 81 x 100 cm, Reina Sofia in Madrid
  • The bird with quiet look, the wings ablaze, oil on canvas, 1952, 81 x 100 cm, Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart
  • Painting, 1953, oil painting, 195 x 378 cm, Guggenheim New York in New York
  • Painting, oil on linen, 1954, 46 x 38 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • The wall of the Sun, 1955-1958, Unesco building in Paris
  • The wall of the Moon, 1955-1958, Unesco building in Paris
  • Blue I, 4.3.1961, oil on linen, 270 x 355 cm, Centre Pompidou in Paris
  • Blue II, 4.3.1961, oil on linen, 270 x 355 cm, Centre Pompidou in Paris
  • Blue III, 4.3.1961, oil on linen, 270 x 355 cm, Centre Pompidou in Paris
  • Woman III, 2.6.1965, oil and acrylic on canvas, 116 x 81 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • The skiles, oil on canvas, 1966, 195 x 324 cm, Museo de Arte Contemporaneo in Caracas
  • The gold of the sky blue, oil on linen, 4.12.1967, 205 x 173 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Bird in the night, oil on linen, 23.5.1968, 41 x 24 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Catalan farmer in the moonshine, acrylic on linen, 26.3.1968, 162 x 130 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Flight of the Dragonfly for the Sun, oil on linen, 26.1.1968, 174 x 244 cm, National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
  • Poem I, oil on linen, 17.5.1968, 205 x 174 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Woman in the night, acrylic and oil on canvas, 55 x 46 cm, 26.11.1970, Fundació Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Letter and numbers attracted by a spark I, acrylic on linen, 5.6.1968, 146 x 114 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • May 1968, 1973, acrylic on canvas, 200 x 200 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Head, acrylic on linen, 1.3.1974, 65.1 x 50 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • The hope of a person sentenced to death I-III, acrylic on linen, 9.2.1974, 267 x 351 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Design for La Defense, polyester painted, 1975, 273 x 127 x 140 cm, 300 x 160 x 140 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Birds in space, acrylic on linen, 5.6.1978, 33.1 x 23.9 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Figures, birds, Star, acrylic on linen, 1978, 88.7 x 115 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona
  • Tapestry of the Fundació Joan Miró, wool, 1979, 750 x 500 cm, Fundación Joan Miró in Barcelona

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