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Nicanor Abelardo (San Miguel7 February 1893 - Pasay21 March 1934) was a Filipino composer. He was particularly known for the many kundimanliedjes which he wrote in the first decades of the 20th century.He is therefore called the "master of the Kundiman" called.

Biography[Edit]Edit

Nicanor Abelardo was born on 7 February 1893 in San Miguel, Bulacan , the eldest of eight children of Valentin Abelardo and Placida Santa Ana. His father was photographer and violin player and-maker and his mother sang in a church choir. Nicanor turned out to be a musical talent. He could play the guitar at the age of six and at the age of eight he composed his first music piece, a Waltz called "Unang Buko '. In 1902 he moved to Manila, Abelardo where Juan Abelardo went to live with his uncle, in order to be able to follow education. He completed there the Quiapo Elementary School and went to the Liceo de Manila. During his school time he earned his money playing the piano in a cabaret to Aceiteros Street. In 1907 he was recalled by his parents and he continued his studies at the Intermediate School of San Miguel. At the end of the 6th year, he became a teacher in San Ildefonso and San Miguel later in Sibul.

In 1909 he composed the Banaay at Lakas ' mars '. This piece was his first published composition. After five years teaching took Abelardo dismissal to be able to focus on his musical ambitions. He left again to Manila where he worked as a pianist in various cabarets and music houses. By simply to live, he could maintain his three sisters who also trained at the Philippine Normal School followed. In 1916 he started at the Conservatory of Music of the University of the Philippines. There fell on his musical talent at teachers as Robert Schofield and Guy Harrison and he was in his third year as Assistant teacher. He got in his time at the Conservatory lesson in voice formation of Enrico Capozzi and Victorino Carrion, in tapping into the Bandurria by Jose Silos, the piano and the violin of Jose's Estela Bonifacio Adbon. In 1921 he graduated with a diploma in music teachers at the Conservatory. Two years later he completed a postdoctoral training. Because he wanted to study further, he wrote a letter to University of the Philippines-president Rafael Palma, in which Francisco Santiago on recommendation of, the Director of the convervatorium, requested a scholarship to study abroad. This fair was granted him, and he left it to the United States to study at the famousChicago Musical College. In 1931 he composed there ' Cinderella ', an Overture to a large Orchestra, with which he got a 2-year grant awarded. In that period he composed several special music pieces including his graduation ' Panoramas '.

[1][2]Nicanor Abelardo Hall, UP

After earning his Bachelor's and Master's degree in 1932 he returned back to Manila, where he in addition to composing, teaching at the Conservatory went. He developed in that period as a leading composer. Much of his work belonged to the so-called kundiman, written in a genre of traditional Filipino love songs. Nasaan Ka Irog ' are ' became a national hit and a classic in the Philippine music. Other famous kundimans written by him are "Ikaw Rin ', ' Kung Hindi Man ', ' Kundiman Ng Luha ', ' Pahimakas '," and "Himutok.He also won many of the competitions in which he participated. Some of these award-winning compositions were "U.P. Beloved" (1917), ' Wedding March ' (1924), ' Religious March ' (1925), ' Health Services Hymn ' (1926), ' Intermezzo ' (1931) and ' false Elegant ' (1931).

Abelardo's passion was music and he worked day and night. However, his health deteriorated from overwork and alcoholicme in such a way that he eventually had to give up his position as a teacher at the Conservatory. On March 21, he died at age 41 in the San Juan de Dios Hospital from complications of a heart attack. He is survived by his wife Rajnish Naguiat left with six children. In memory of Nicanor Abelardo were the main hall of the Cultural Center of the Philippines and the music faculty of the University of the Philippine named after him.

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